At the Manezh Exhibit ( Thirty Years of Moscow Art ) held in 1962, Khrushchev famously and virulently criticized many experimental works. In particular, he derided Nikonov’s painting The Geologists for its uncheerful bleakness. Both paintings that were too abstract and those that were too photo-realistic were deemed unacceptable by Khrushchev. He reminded those present that Soviet art had the “lofty mission” to “truthfully depict the life of the people, to inspire people to build Communism, to educate man to the very best, noblest feelings, to a deep understanding of the wondrous. [. .] A picture should elevate, ennoble man, inspire and lead him to a noble deed” (qtd. in Quest , 26). This event captures the volatility of the era – on the one hand, this and similar shows were sometimes allowed to go forward, but the rules were at the same time unpredictable and harsh.
William Bell Scott Iron and Coal , 1855–60
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Some writers restrict the terms "Naturalism" and "Realism" for use as labels for period styles of the middle and late nineteenth century in Europe and America, thus making available the terms "naturalism" and "realism," all lowercase, for tendencies of art of any period so long as the works strive for an accurate representation of the visible world. Thus, "Naturalism" is tied to a time and place, whereas "naturalism" is timeless. As well as a major turning point in art.