Nixon first gained national attention in August 1948 when as a HUAC member, his persistence helped break the Alger Hiss spy case. While many doubted Whittaker Chambers ' allegations that Hiss, a former State Department official, had been a Soviet spy, Nixon believed them to be true and pressed for the committee to continue its investigation. Under suit for defamation filed by Hiss, Chambers produced documents corroborating his allegations. These included paper and microfilm copies that Chambers turned over to House investigators after having hidden them overnight in a field; they became known as the " Pumpkin Papers ".  Hiss was convicted of perjury in 1950 for denying under oath he had passed documents to Chambers.  In 1948, Nixon successfully cross-filed as a candidate in his district, winning both major party primaries,  and was comfortably reelected. 
In 1969, Arthur Wiknik found himself in one of the Vietnam War's most notorious battles.
In depth information on the scandal. Includes a timeline, speech transcripts and other related information.
In a three-way race between Nixon, Hubert Humphrey and independent candidate George Wallace, Nixon won the election by nearly 500,000 votes. He was sworn in as the 37th president of the United States on January 20, 1969.
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Last Updated September 29, 2017
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